Risk of Viral Infection in Patients Using Either Angiotensin-converting Enzyme Inhibitors or Angiotensin Receptor Blockers: A Nationwide Population-based Propensity Score Matching Study

作者/單位: 高嘉鴻/醫學系
IF值: 8.313
領域排名: INFECTIOUS DISEASES  (3/92)  3.3%

Background. We hypothesized that renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers have systemic protective effects beyond the respiratory tract and could reduce the risk of viral infections.

Methods. We used the National Health Insurance Research Database and identified 2 study cohorts: the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) cohort and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) cohort. Propensity score matching was applied at a 1:1 ratio by all associated variables to select 2 independent control cohorts for the ARB and ACEI cohorts. A Cox proportional hazards model was applied to assess the end outcome of viral infection.

Results. The number of ARB and ACEI users was 20 207 and 18 029, respectively. The median age of ARB users and nonusers was 53.7 and 53.8 years, respectively. The median follow-up duration of ARB users and nonusers was 7.96 and 7.08 years; the median follow-up duration of ACEI users and nonusers was 8.70 and 8.98 years, respectively. The incidence rates of viral infections in ARB users and nonusers were 4.95 and 8.59 per 1000 person-years, respectively, and ARB users had a lower risk of viral infection than nonusers (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.53 [95% confidence interval {CI}, .48-.58]). The incidence rates of viral infections in ACEI users and nonusers were 6.10 per 1000 person-years and 7.72 per 1000 person-years, respectively, and ACEI users had a lower risk of viral infection than nonusers (aHR, 0.81 [95% CI, .74-.88]).

Conclusions. Hypertensive patients using either ARBs or ACEIs exhibit a lower risk of viral infection than nonusers.



單位:醫學院醫學系 教授


  • 臨床-癌症流行病學, clinical/cancer epidemiology
  • 系統性回顧及整合分析研究, systematic review and meta-analysis study
  • 分子影像, molecular imaging
  • 核醫診療及正子造影, nuclear medicine and positron emission tomography

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