|領域排名:||INTEGRATIVE & COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE (1/27) 3.7%|
Background and purpose: Multidrug resistance (MDR) remains the main obstacle in cancer treatment and over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is one of the most common causes of chemoresistance. The development of novel P-gp inhibitors from natural products is a prospective strategy to combat MDR cancers. Among the natural sesquiterpene compounds, sesquiterpene pyridine alkaloids exhibit various biological properties. Therefore, in the present study, we evaluated the modulatory effects of wilforine on P-gp expression and function. The molecular mechanisms and kinetic models of wilforine-mediated P-gp inhibition were further investigated.
Methods: The human P-gp stable expression cells (ABCB1/Flp-In (TM)-293) and human cervical cancer cells (sensitive: HeLaS3; MDR: KBvin) were used. The cell viability was assessed by SRB assay. The inhibitory effect of wilforine on P-gp efflux and the underlying mechanism were evaluated by assays for calcein-AM uptake, rhodaminel 23 and doxorubicin efflux, ATPase activity, real-time quantitative RT-PCR, apoptosis, and cell cycle analysis. Molecular docking was performed by the docking software CDOCKER with BIOVIA Discovery Studio 4.5 (D.S. 4.5).
Results: We found that wilforine significantly inhibited the efflux activity of P-gp in a concentration-dependent manner. Further kinetic analysis demonstrated that wilforine significantly inhibited P-gp efflux function by competitive inhibition and stimulated the basal P-gp ATPase activity. In addition, wilforine re-sensitized MDR cancer cells to chemotherapeutic drugs. The docking model indicated that wilforine was bound to residues of P-gp such as LEU884, LYS887, THR176 and ASN172.
Conclusion: These results suggest a novel future therapeutic strategy for MDR cancer using wilforine as an adjuvant treatment with chemotherapy.